Stephen Engstrom

  • Professor of Philosophy
Stephen Engstrom (PhD, Chicago, 1986) is professor of philosophy. Before coming to the University of Pittsburgh in 1990, he taught at the University of Chicago and at Harvard, and since joining the Department he has held visiting positions at UCLA, the University of Leipzig, and the University of Chicago. His areas of interest include ethics, metaphysics, modern philosophy (especially Kant), and ancient philosophy.

Representative Publications


  • Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty. Co-edited with Jennifer Whiting. Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  • The Form of Practical Knowledge: A Study of the Categorical Imperative. Harvard University Press, 2009.


  • “The Concept of the Highest Good in Kant’s Moral Theory,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1992), 747–80.
  • “Allison on Rational Agency,” Inquiry 36 (1993), 405–18.
  • “The Transcendental Deduction and Skepticism,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (1994), 359–80.
  • “Happiness and the Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant,” in S. Engstrom and J. Whiting, eds., Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 102–38.
  • “Kant’s Conception of Practical Wisdom,” Kant-Studien 88 (1997), 16–43.
  • “The Inner Freedom of Virtue,” in M. Timmons, ed., Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays (Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 289–315.
  • “Introduction” to Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason, W. Pluhar, tr. (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 2002), pp. xv–liv.
  • “Kant’s Distinction between Theoretical and Practical Knowledge,” The Harvard Review of Philosophy 10 (2002), 49–63.
  • “Understanding and Sensibility,” Inquiry 49 (2006), 2–25.
  • “Kant on the Agreeable and the Good,” in S. Tenenbaum, ed., Moral Psychology (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2007), pp. 111–60.
  • “The Triebfeder of Pure Practical Reason,” in A. Reath and J. Timmermann, eds., Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason: A Critical Guide (Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 90–118.
  • “Reason, Desire, and the Will,” in L. Denis, ed., Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals: A Critical Guide (Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 28–50.
  • “Herman on Moral Literacy,” Kantian Review 16 (2011), 17–31.
  • “Summary of The Form of Practical Knowledge” and “Bringing Practical Knowledge into View: Response to Bagnoli, Hill, and Reath” (contributions to a book symposium on The Form of Practical Knowledge), Analytic Philosophy 53 (2012), 57–59, 88–96.
  • “Freedom and Nature,” in G. Hindrichs and A. Honneth, eds., Freiheit: Stuttgarter Hegel-Kongress 2011, Band 1: Geist und Geschichte (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 2013), pp. 657–80.
  • “Constructivism and Practical Knowledge,” in C. Bagnoli, ed., Constructivism in Ethics (Cambridge University Press, 2013), pp. 133–52.
  • “Unity of Apperception,” Studi Kantiani 26 (2013), 37–54.
  • “Reflection and Reason in Hume and Kant,” Hegel Bulletin 36/1 (2015), 15–32.
  • “Ancient Insights in Kant’s Conception of the Highest Good,” in L. Denis and O. Sensen, eds., Kant’s Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide (Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 103–119.
  • “The Complete Object of Practical Knowledge,” in J. Aufderheide and R. Bader, eds., The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant (Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 129–57.
  • “Self-consciousness and the Unity of Knowledge,” in D. Emundts and S. Sedgwick, eds., International Yearbook of German Idealism 11/2013 (Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2016), pp. 25–47.
  • “The Determination of the Concept of the Highest Good,” in T. Höwing, ed., The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy (Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2016), pp. 89–108.
  • “Knowledge and Its Object,” in J. O’Shea, ed., Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason: A Critical Guide (Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp. 28–45.
  • “Understanding Autonomy: Form and Content of Practical Knowledge,” in E. Watkins, ed., Kant on Persons and Agency (Cambridge University Press, 2018), pp. 44–60.
  • “Virtue and Vice in Aristotle and Kant,” in P. Kontos, ed., Evil in Aristotle (Cambridge University Press, 2018), pp. 222–39.
  • “The Category of Substance,” Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 21 (2018), pp. 235–60.