Historical Studies


"Mechanism and Fracture in Cartesian Physics,"Topoi 14, 1997.

Machine,” A Descartes Dictionary, Cambridge University Press (forthcoming).


“From the Bending of Beams to the Problem of Free Will,” (from Physics Avoidance.)

Mechanics and philosophy in the eighteenth century:

"Theory Facades," Proceedings of the Aristotlean Society 104 (1), 2004.

"Back to ‘Back to Kant,’" in Discourse on a New Method, edited by Michael Dixon and Mary Domski (La Salle: Open Court, 2010).

Newton at the Billiard Table

What I learned from the Early Moderns


"Frege: The Royal Road from Geometry," Nous 39(2), 1992.

"Ghost World: A Context for Frege's Context Principle," Frege: Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers, vol 3., ed. by Erich Reck and Michael Beaney (London: Routledge, 2005).

"Frege's Mathematical Setting", The Cambridge Companion to Frege, Michael Potter and Tom Ricketts, eds. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011) (reworked version of essay written in 1997).


"Two Cheers for Anti-Atomism"  (from Physics Avoidance.)

Mach and Carnap

The Perils of Pollyanna,” in Pierre Wagner, ed., Carnap's Ideal of Explication and Naturalism, (New York: Palgrave‑MacMillan, 2012).


"Wittgenstein: Physica Sunt, Non Leguntur," Philosophical Topics 25(2) 1999.